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the Greek form of the name of several Persian kings

This was the name of two Biblical kings:

  1. the king who obstructed the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:7)

    He was probably the Smerdis of secular history.

  2. the king mentioned in Ezra 7:1, in the seventh year (B.C. 458) of whose reign Ezra led a second colony of Jews back to Jerusalem, was probably Longimanus, who reigned for forty years (B.C. 464-425); the grandson of Darius, who, fourteen years later, permitted Nehemiah to return and rebuild Jerusalem