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dulcimer

Hebrew: sumphoniah

a musical instrument mentioned in Dan. 3:5, 15, along with other instruments there named, as sounded before the golden image

It was not a Jewish instrument.

In the margin of the Revised Version, it is styled the “bag-pipe.” Luther translated it “lute,” and Grotius the “crooked trumpet.”

It is probable that it was introduced into Babylon by some Greek or Western-Asiatic musician.

Some Rabbinical commentators render it by “organ,” the well-known instrument composed of a series of pipes, others by “lyre.” The most probable interpretation is that it was a bag-pipe similar to the zampagna of Southern Europe.

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