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eating

The ancient Hebrews would not eat with the Egyptians (Gen. 43:32). In the time of our Lord they would not eat with Samaritans (John 4:9), and were astonished that he ate with publicans and sinners (Matt. 9:11).

The Hebrews originally sat at tables, but afterwards adopted the Persian and Chaldean practice of reclining (Luke 7:36-50).

Their principal meal was at noon (Gen. 43:16; 1 Kings 20:16; Ruth 2:14; Luke 14:12).

The word “eat” is used metaphorically in Jer. 15:16; Ezek. 3:1; Rev. 10:9.

In John 6:53-58, “eating and drinking” means believing in Christ.

Women were never present as guests at meals (q.v.).

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