ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
Sea of Galilee
The Sea of Galilee is mentioned in the Bible under 3 other names.
This lake is 12½ miles long, and from 4 to 7½ broad. Its surface is 682 feet below the level of the Mediterranean. Its depth is from 80 to 200 feet. The Jordan River enters it 10½ miles below the southern extremity of the Huleh Lake (Hula Lake), or about 26½ miles from its source. In this distance of 26½ miles there is a fall in the river of 1,682 feet, or of more than 60 feet to the mile. It is 27 miles east of the Mediterranean, and about 60 miles northeast of Jerusalem. It is of an oval shape, and abounds in fish.
Its appearance in the late 19th century was described…
Cradle of the Gospel
This sea is chiefly of interest as associated with the public ministry of our Lord. Capernaum, “his own city” (Matthew 9:1), stood on its shores. From among the fishermen who plied their calling on its waters he chose Peter and his brother Andrew, and James and John, to be disciples, and sent them forth to be “fishers of men” (Matthew 4:18,22; Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11). He stilled its tempest, saying to the storm that swept over it, “Peace, be still” (Matthew 8:23-27; Mark 7:31-35); and here also he showed himself after his resurrection to his disciples (John 21).
Meaning of “sea”
In general use in modern times, the word “sea” is used to refer to large bodies of salt water, such as the oceans and partially landlocked waters such as the Mediterranean Sea or landlocked bodies such as the Caspian Sea. However, “sea” is also occasionally used to refer to large fresh water bodies, such as the Sea of Galilee.
The word “sea” appears 400 times in 352 verses in the King James Version of the Bible. The Hebrew word is “yam”—“from an unused root meaning “to roar.” The name is used in Hebrew to refer to a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or a large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin.”