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head-dress, headdress

A headdress is first mentioned in Ex. 28:40 (King James Version: “bonnets;” Revised Version: “head-tires”). It was used especially for purposes of ornament (Job 29:14; Isa. 3:23; 62:3).

Types of headdress

  1. Hebrew: tsaniph—properly means a turban, folds of linen wound round the head

  2. Hebrew: peer—used in Isa. 61:3, there rendered “beauty” (Authorized Version) and “garland” (Revised Version)

    This is a headdress or turban worn by females (Isa. 3:20, “bonnets”), priests (Ex. 39:28), a bridegroom (Isa. 61:10, “ornament;” Revised Version, “garland”).

    Ezek. 16:10 and Jonah 2:5 are to be understood of the turban wrapped round the head.

  3. Hebrew: shebisim (Isa. 3:18), in the Authorized Version rendered “cauls,” and marginal note “networks”—denotes probably a kind of netted head-dress

  4. Druse woman with tantour headdress, 1870s.
    Druse woman wearing a tantour, 1870s

    Hebrew: keren—the “horn” mentioned in 1 Sam. 2:1

    This is the headdress called by the Druses (Druzes) of Mount Lebanon the “tantura,” “tantour,” “tantoura.”

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