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Meaning: trodden hard, threshing-floor, threshing place
This was the name of a Canaanite city which stood on Mount Zion (Joshua 15:8; 18:16, 28). It was inhabited by the Jebusites.
The city is identified with Jerusalem (q.v.) in Judges 19:10, and with the castle or city of David (1 Chronicles 11:4-5). It was a place of great natural strength, and its capture was one of David’s most brilliant achievements (2 Samuel 5:8).
They Jebusites were defeated by Joshua, and their king was slain; but they were not entirely driven out of Jebus till the time of David, who made it the capital of his kingdom instead of Hebron.
And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion, which is the city of David. …And David dwelt in the castle; therefore they called it the city of David. And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about: and Joab repaired the rest of the city (1 Chronicles 11:4-8).
The site on which the temple was afterwards built belonged to Araunah, a Jebusite, from whom it was purchased by David, who refused to accept it as a free gift (2 Samuel 24:16-25; 1 Chronicles 21:24-25).