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Gospel According to Mark
also known as: The Book of Mark
It is an apparently well-founded tradition that Mark derived his information mainly from the discourses of Peter. In his mother's house (Mary), he would have abundant opportunities of obtaining information from the other apostles and their coadjutors, yet he was “the disciple and interpreter of Peter” specially.
As to the time when it was written, the Gospel furnishes us with no definite information. Mark makes no mention of the destruction of Jerusalem, hence it must have been written before that event, and probably about A.D. 63.
It was intended primarily for Romans. This appears probable when it is considered that it makes no reference to the Jewish law, and that the writer takes care to interpret words which a Gentile would be likely to misunderstand, such as, “Boanerges” (3:17); “Talitha cumi” (5:41); “Corban” (7:11); “Bartimaeus” (10:46); “Abba” (14:36); “Eloi,” etc. (15:34).
Mark also uses certain Latin words not found in any of the other Gospels, as “speculator” (6:27, rendered, King James Version, “executioner;” Revised King James Version, “soldier of his guard”), “xestes” (a corruption of sextarius, rendered “pots,” 7:4, 8), “quadrans” (12:42, rendered “a farthing”), “centurion” (15:39, 44-45).
The characteristics of this Gospel are…
“The Gospel of Mark,” says Westcott, “is essentially a transcript from life. The course and issue of facts are imaged in it with the clearest outline.”
The leading principle running through this Gospel may be expressed in the motto: