ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
one who serves, as distinguished from the master
5 biblical words are translated as “minister.”
applied to an attendant on one of superior rank, as to Joshua, the servant of Moses (Ex. 33:11), and to the servant of Elisha (2 Kings 4:43)
This name is also given to attendants at court (2 Chr. 22:8), and to the priests and Levites (Jer. 33:21; Ezek. 44:11).
Hebrew: pelah (Ezra 7:24)
a “minister” of religion
Here used of that class of sanctuary servants called “Solomon's servants” in Ezra 2:55-58 and Neh. 7:57-60.
a subordinate public administrator, and in this sense applied to magistrates (Rom. 13:6)
It is applied also to our Lord (Hebrews 8:2), and to Paul in relation to Christ (Rom. 15:16).
Greek: hyperetes (literally, “under-rower”)
a personal attendant on a superior, thus of the person who waited on the officiating priest in the synagogue (Luke 4:20)
It is applied also to John Mark, the attendant on Paul and Barnabas (Acts 13:5).
usually a subordinate officer or assistant employed in relation to the ministry of the gospel, as to Paul and Apollos (1 Cor. 3:5), Tychicus (Eph. 6:21), Epaphras (Col. 1:7), Timothy (1 Thess. 3:2), and also to Christ (Rom. 15:8)