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Hebrew: homer), cement of lime and sand (Gen. 11:3; Ex. 1:14); also potter's clay (Isa. 41:25; Nah. 3:14)

Also Hebrew: 'aphar, usually rendered “dust”

clay or mud used for cement in building (Lev. 14:42, 45)

Mortar for pulverizing (Prov. 27:22) grain or other substances by means of a pestle instead of a mill. Mortars were used in the wilderness for pounding the manna (Num. 11:8). It is commonly used in Israel at the present day to pound wheat, from which the Arabs make a favorite dish called kibby.