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the fruit of the olive tree

This tree yielded oil which was highly valued. The best oil was from olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed (Deut. 24:20; Isa. 17:6; 24:13). It was called “beaten,” or “fresh oil” (Ex. 27:20).

There were also oil-presses, in which the oil was trodden out by the feet (Micah 6:15).

James (3:12) calls the fruit “olive berries.”

The phrase “vineyards and olives” (Judg. 15:5, Authorized Version) should be simply “olive-yard,” or “olive-garden,” as in the Revised Version.