ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
an old name for the lime-tree, the tilia, Isa. 6:13, the terebinth, or turpentine-tree, the Pistacia terebinthus of botanists. The Hebrew word here used (elah) is rendered oak (q.v.) in Gen. 35:4; Judg. 6:11, 19; Isa. 1:29, etc. In Isa. 61:3 it is rendered in the plural “trees;” Hos. 4:13, “elm” (Revised Version, “terebinth”). In 1 Sam. 17:2, 19 it is taken as a proper name, “Elah” (Revised Version marginal note, “terebinth”).
“The terebinth of Mamre, or its lineal successor, remained from the days of Abraham till the fourth century of the Christian era, and on its site Constantine erected a Christian church, the ruins of which still remain.”
This tree “is seldom seen in clumps or groves, never in forests, but stands isolated and weird-like in some bare ravine or on a hill-side where nothing else towers above the low brushwood” (Tristram).