ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
also known as: Sidon
a fishery, a town on the Mediterranean coast, about 25 miles north of Tyre
It received its name from the “first-born” of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19). It was the first home of the Phoenicians on the coast of the Land of Israel, and from its extensive commercial relations became a “great” city (Joshua 11:8; 19:28). It was the mother city of Tyre.
Our Lord visited the “coasts” of Tyre and Zidon = Sidon, Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24; Luke 4:26; and from this region many came forth to hear him preaching (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). From Sidon, at which the ship put in after leaving Caesarea, Paul finally sailed for Rome (Acts 27:3-4).
In 1855, the sarcophagus of Eshmanezer was discovered in this city. From a Phoenician inscription on its lid, it appears that he was a “king of the Sidonians,” probably in the third century B.C., and that his mother was a priestess of Ashtoreth, “the goddess of the Sidonians.” In this inscription Baal is mentioned as the chief god of the Sidonians.