a vessel made of skins for holding wine (Joshua 9:4, 13; 1 Samuel 16:20; Matthew 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37-38), or milk (Judges 4:19), or water (Genesis 21:14-15, 19), or strong drink (Hab. 2:15)

Earthenware vessels were also similarly used (Jer. 19:1-10; 1 Kings 14:3; Isa. 30:14).

In Job 32:19 (compare Matt. 9:17; Luke 5:37-38; Mark 2:22) the reference is to a wine-skin ready to burst through the fermentation of the wine.

“Bottles of wine” in the King James Version of Hos. 7:5 is properly rendered in the Revised King James Version by “the heat of wine,” i.e., the fever of wine, its intoxicating strength.

The clouds are figuratively called the “bottles of heaven” (Job 38:37).

A bottle blackened or shrivelled by smoke is referred to in Psalm 119:83 as an image to which the psalmist likens himself.

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