1. Hebrew Atad, Judges 9:14; rendered “thorn,” Psalm 58:9. The Septuagint and Vulgate render by rhamnus, a thorny shrub common in Israel, resembling the hawthorn.

  2. Hebrew hoah, Isaiah 34:13 (Revised King James Version “thistles”); “thickets” in 1 Samuel 13:6; “thistles” in 2 Kings 14:9, 2 Chronicles 25:18, Job 31:40; “thorns” in 2 Chronicles 33:11, Song of Songs 2:2, Hos. 9:6. The word may be regarded as denoting the common thistle, of which there are many species which encumber the cornfields of Israel.

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