The law of Moses pointed out the cases in which the servants of the Hebrews were to receive their freedom (Exodus 21:2-4, 7-8; Leviticus 25:39-42, 47-55; Deuteronomy 15:12-18).

Under the Roman law the “freeman” (ingenuus) was one born free; the “freedman” (libertinus) was a manumitted slave, and had not equal rights with the freeman (Acts 22:28; compare Acts 16:37-39; 21:39; 22:25; 25:11-12).

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