Hebrew: shum, from its strong odour
also known as: Allium sativum
mentioned only once in the Bible (Num. 11:5)
The garlic common in Eastern countries is the Allium sativum or Allium ascalonicum, so called from its having been brought into Europe from Ascalon by the Crusaders.
It is also known by the name “shallot” or “eschalot.”