a fond feeling or emotion; an attraction
Christians are exhorted to set their affections on things above (Col. 3:2).
A distinction is made by God in regard to the affection of the Israelites for Him (Ezek. 33:30-33). They had a natural affection for God, but there was no spiritual affection; they failed to do what He commands.
“But as for you, son of man, your fellow citizens who talk about you by the walls and in the doorways of the houses, speak to one another, each to his brother, saying,
‘Come now and hear what the message is which comes forth from the Lord.’
They come to you as people come, and sit before you as My people and hear your words, but they do not do them, for they do the lustful desires expressed by their mouth, and their heart goes after their gain.
Behold, you are to them like a sensual song by one who has a beautiful voice and plays well on an instrument; for they hear your words but they do not practice them. So when it comes to pass—as surely it will—then they will know that a prophet has been in their midst.” (NASB)
Mention is made of “vile affections” (Romans 1:26) and “inordinate affection” (Col. 3:5).