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Archelaus

Meaning: ruler of the people.

This was the name of the son of Herod the Great, by Malthace, a Samaritan woman. He was educated along with his brother Antipas at Rome. He inherited one third of his father’s kingdom (Idumea, Judea, and Samaria, and so is called “king” (Matt. 2:22).

Because of their fear of him, Joseph and Mary turned aside on their way back from Egypt. Till a few days before his death, Herod had named Antipas as his successor, but in his last moments he named Archelaus.