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Hebrew: e'rez / erez; Greek: kedros, Latin: cedrus
This is a tree very frequently mentioned in Scripture. It was stately (Ezek. 31:3-5), long-branched (Psalms 80:10; 92:12; Ezek. 31:6-9), odoriferous (Song of Songs 4:11; Hos. 14:6), durable, and therefore much used for boards, pillars, and ceilings (1 Kings 6:9-10; 7:2; Jeremiah 22:14), for masts (Ezek. 27:5), and for carved images (Isaiah 44:14).
It grew very abundantly in Israel, and particularly in Lebanon, of which it was “the glory” (Isaiah 35:2; 60:13). Hiram supplied Solomon with cedar trees from Lebanon for various purposes connected with the construction of the temple and the king’s palace (2 Samuel 5:11; 7:2, 7; 1 Kings 5:6, 8, 10; 6:9-10, 15-16, 18, 20; 7:2-3, 7, 11-12; 9:11, etc.). Cedars were used also in the building of the second temple under Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:7).
Of the truly ancient cedars of Lebanon there remain now only some seven or eight. They are not standing together. But beside them there are found between three hundred and four hundred of younger growth. They stand in an amphitheatre fronting the west, about 6,400 feet above the level of the sea.
The cedar is often figuratively alluded to in the sacred Scriptures.