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Ephah

Meaning: gloom

The name of 2 biblical men, a woman, and a city…

  1. One of the five sons of Midian, and grandson of Abraham (Genesis 25:4).

  2. The city of Ephah, to which the above man gave his name, is mentioned Isaiah 60:6,7. This city, with its surrounding territory, formed part of Midian, on the east shore of the Dead Sea. It abounded in dromedaries and camels (Judges 6:5).

  3. 1 Chronicles 2:46, a concubine of Caleb.

  4. 1 Chronicles 2:47, a descendant of Judah.

Ephah, a word of Egyptian origin, meaning measure; a grain measure containing “three seahs or ten omers,” and equivalent to the bath for liquids (Exodus 16:36; 1 Samuel 17:17; Zechariah 5:6).

The double ephah in Proverbs 20:10 (marginal note, “an ephah and an ephah”), Deuteronomy 25:14, means two ephahs, the one false and the other just.

Author: Matthew G. Easton, with minor editing by Paul S. Taylor.

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