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Issachar

Meaning: hired (Genesis 30:18)

God hath given me,” said Leah, “my hire (Hebrew: sekhari)… and she called his name Issachar.”

This is the name of a biblical man and a tribe of Israel.

He was Jacob's ninth son, and was born in Padan-aram (compare 28:2). He had four sons at the going down into Egypt (46:13; Numbers 26:23, 25).

The tribe of Issachar, during the journey through the wilderness, along with Judah and Zebulun (Numbers 2:5), marched on the east of the tabernacle. This tribe contained 54,400 fighting men when the census was taken at Sinai.

After the entrance into the Promised Land, this tribe was one of the six which stood on Gerizim during the ceremony of the blessing and cursing (Deuteronomy 27:12).

The land allotment of Issachar is described in Joshua 19:17-23. It included the plain of Esdraelon (=Jezreel), which was and still is the richest portion of Israel (Deuteronomy 33:18-19; 1 Chronicles 12:40).

The prophetic blessing pronounced by Jacob on Issachar corresponds with that of Moses (Genesis 49:14-15; compare Deuteronomy 33:18-19).

Other tribes

  1. Asher
  2. Benjamin
  3. Dan
  4. Ephraim
  5. Gad
  6. Issachar
  7. Judah
  8. Levi
  9. Manasseh
  10. Naphtali
  11. Reuben
  12. Simeon
  13. Zebulun
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