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Moon

Hebrew: yareah, from its paleness (Ezra 6:15), and lebanah, the “white” (Song of Songs 6:10; Isa. 24:23)

The moon was appointed by the Creator to be, with the sun, “for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years” (Gen. 1:14-16)

A lunation was, among the Jews, the period of a month, and several of their festivals were held on the day of the new moon.

The moon is frequently referred to along with the sun (Josh. 10:12; Ps. 72:5, 7, 17; 89:36-37; Eccl. 12:2; Isa. 24:23, etc.), and also by itself (Ps. 8:3; 121:6).

The great brilliance of the moon in Eastern countries led to its being early an object of idolatrous worship (Deut. 4:19; 17:3; Job 31:26), a form of idolatry against which the Jews were warned (Deut. 4:19; 17:3). They, however, fell into this idolatry, and offered incense (2 Kings 23:5; Jer. 8:2), and also cakes of honey, to the moon (Jer. 7:18; 44:17-19, 25).

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