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Hebrew: yareah, from its paleness (Ezra 6:15), and lebanah, the “white” (Song of Songs 6:10; Isaiah 24:23)
The moon was appointed by the Creator to be, with the sun, “for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years” (Genesis 1:14-16)
A lunation was, among the Jews, the period of a month, and several of their festivals were held on the day of the new moon.
The moon is frequently referred to along with the sun (Joshua 10:12; Psalms 72:5, 7, 17; 89:36-37; Eccl. 12:2; Isaiah 24:23, etc.), and also by itself (Psalms 8:3; 121:6).
The great brilliance of the moon in Eastern countries led to its being early an object of idolatrous worship (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; Job 31:26), a form of idolatry against which the Jews were warned (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3). They, however, fell into this idolatry, and offered incense (2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2), and also cakes of honey, to the moon (Jeremiah 7:18; 44:17-19, 25).