Very few species of flowers are mentioned in the Bible although they abounded in Israel. It has been calculated that in Western Syria and Israel from two thousand to two thousand five hundred plants are found, of which about five hundred probably are British wild-flowers. Their beauty is often alluded to (Song of Songs 2:12; Matthew 6:28). They are referred to as affording an emblem of the transitory nature of human life (Job 14:2; Psalm 103:15; Isaiah 28:1; 40:6; James 1:10).

Gardens containing flowers and fragrant herbs are spoken of (Song of Songs 4:16; 6:2).

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