also known as: Mikal
Meaning: rivulet, or who as God?
She was the younger of King Saul’s two daughters by his wife Ahinoam (1 Samuel 14:49-50). Her name appears 18 times in Scripture—in 1st and 2nd Samuel and 1st Chronicles.
“Attracted by the graces of his person and the gallantry of his conduct, she fell in love with David and became his wife” (18:20-28). She showed her affection for him by promoting his escape to Naioth when Saul sought his life (1 Samuel 19:12-17). (Compare Psalms 59. See TERAPHIM).
After this, she did not see David for many years. Meanwhile she was given in marriage to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim (1 Samuel 25:44), but David afterwards formally reclaimed her as his lawful wife (2 Samuel 3:13-16).
The relation between her and David soon after this was altered. They became alienated from each other. This happened on that memorable day when the ark of the covenant was brought up in great triumph from its temporary resting-place to the Holy City. In David’s conduct on that occasion, she saw nothing but a needless humiliation of the royal dignity (1 Chronicles 15:29).
She remained childless, and thus the races of David and Saul were not mixed.
In 2 Samuel 21:8 her name again occurs, but the name Merab should probably be here substituted for Michal (compare 1 Samuel 18:19).
Article Version: March 21, 2018