Hebrew: peninim, only in plural (Lam. 4:7)

The exact meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain. Some render it “red coral;” others, “pearl” or “mother-of-pearl.”

The ruby was one of the stones in the high priest's breastplate (Exodus 28:17).

A comparison is made between the value of wisdom and rubies (Job 28:18; Proverbs 3:15; 8:11).

The price of a virtuous woman is said to be “far above rubies” (Proverbs 31:10).

Author: Matthew G. Easton.

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