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Copper

This word is derived from the Greek kupros (the island of Cyprus), called “Cyprian brass,” occurs only in the King James Version in Ezra 8:27.

Elsewhere, the Hebrew word nehosheth is improperly translated “brass,” and sometimes “steel” (2 Samuel 22:35; Jeremiah 15:12). The “bow of steel” (Job 20:24; Psalms 18:34) should have been “bow of copper” (or “brass,” as in the Revised King James Version). The vessels of “fine copper” of Ezra 8:27 were probably similar to those of “bright brass” mentioned in 1 Kings 7:45; Dan. 10:6.

Tubal-cain was the first artificer in brass and iron (Genesis 4:22). Hiram was noted as a worker in brass (1 Kings 7:14). Copper abounded in Israel (Deuteronomy 8:9; Isaiah 60:17; 1 Chronicles 22:3, 14). All sorts of vessels in the tabernacle and the temple were made of it (Leviticus 6:28; Numbers 16:39; 2 Chronicles 4:16; Ezra 8:27); also weapons of war (1 Samuel 17:5-6, 38; 2 Samuel 21:16).

Iron is mentioned only 4 times (Genesis 4:22; Leviticus 26:19; Numbers 31:22; 35:16) in the first 4 books of Moses, while copper (rendered “brass”) is mentioned 40 times. (See BRASS.)

We find mention of Alexander, a “coppersmith” of Ephesus (2 Tim. 4:14).

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