The word “beam” occurs in the King James Version as the rendering of various Hebrew words.
- In 1 Samuel 17:7, it means a weaver’s frame or principal beam.
- in Hab. 2:11, a crossbeam or girder
- 2 Kings 6:2, 5, a cross-piece or rafter of a house
- 1 Kings 7:6, an architectural ornament as a projecting step or moulding
- Ezek. 41:25, a thick plank
In the New Testament, the word occurs only in Matthew 7:3-5, and Luke 6:41-42, where it means (Greek: dokos) a large piece of wood used for building purposes, as contrasted with “mote” (Greek: karphos), a small piece or mere splinter.
“Mote” and “beam” became proverbial for little and great faults.