About the word…
“rye” in the Bible
also known as: rie (obsolete spelling)
Hebrew: כֻּסְּמִים —transliteration: kussemeth
True rye (Secale cereale) is a cereal grain and a type of grass, native to Turkey (central and eastern) and adjacent areas. It can be used to make flour, beer, etc. It has the advantage of being able to grow in poorer soils than most other cereal grains.
The King James Version translation mentions “rye” in Exodus 9:32 and Isaiah 28:25. In both cases, the margins of the Authorized and of the Revised King James Versions have “spelt.” The New King James Version says,
“But the wheat and the spelt were not struck, for they are late crops.” —Exodus 9:32 NKJV
“…The barley in the appointed place, And the [a]spelt in its place?” —Isaiah 28:25 NKJV