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also known as: rie (obsolete spelling)

Rye (Secale cereale) is a cereal grain and a type of grass. It is native to Turkey (central and eastern) and adjacent areas. It can be used to make flour, beer, etc. It has the advantage of being able to grow in poorer soils than most other cereal grains.

The King James Version translation mentions “rye” in Exodus 9:32 and Isaiah 28:25. In both cases, the margins of the Authorized and of the Revised King James Versions have “spelt.”

The original Hebrew word in these texts is כֻּסְּמִים (transliteration: kussemeth). This Hebrew word also occurs in Ezek. 4:9, where the King James Version has “fitches” and the Revised King James Version “spelt.”

This, there can be no doubt, was the Triticum spelta, a species of hard, rough-grained wheat also called dinkel wheat or hulled wheat. Common wheat is Triticum aestivum.

Article Version: March 13, 2018