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a Eurasian country situated in the Anatolian peninsula, located in Western Asia, and Eastern Thrace, located in southeastern Europe

Modern Turkey is a secular state with no official religion, but 99 percent of its citizens are Muslim.

During biblical times, this strategic area had other names and was dominated by the Hittites, the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Babylonians, Persians, Phrygians, Cimmerians, Lydians, Lycians, Greeks, and Romans.

Important cities and areas included Miletus, Ephesus, Smyrna (modern Izmir), Byzantium (later Constantinople and Istanbul), Bithynia, Cappadocia, Pergamum, and Pontus.

Satellite view of modern Turkey