ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia


This was the name of a biblical kingdom and a godly woman.

  1. Lydia (Hebrew: Lud), a kingdom in western Asia Minor, which derived its name from the 4th son of Shem (Genesis 10:22)

    It is mentioned in Ezekiel 30:5. It was bounded on the east by the greater Phrygia, and on the west by Ionia and the Aegean Sea.

    The earliest coins come from Lydia.

    The historian Herodotus reported that the Lydians were the first to establish permanent retail shops and mint coins of gold and silver.

    Language: Lydian—related to Luwian and Hittite.

    During the Roman conquest era, Lydia became a Roman province.

  2. Lydia, a godly business woman of Thyatira, a “seller of purple,” who lived in Philippi and met Paul (Acts 16:14-15)

    She was not a Jewess but a proselyte. The Lord opened her heart as she heard the Gospel from the lips of Paul (16:13).

    She thus became the first in Europe who embraced Christianity. She was a person apparently of considerable wealth, for she could afford to give a home to Paul and his companions.


Article Version: September 1, 2017