Who and what is…

Hebrew: מִצְרַיִם —transliteration: Mitsrayim —occurrences: 614 in various forms —meaning: Mizraim or dual form of matzor, meaning a “mound” or “fortress”

also known as: Masar, Mesr, Miṣr (Romanized name)

This is the name of a Biblical man, a people and a land.

Mizraim, son of Ham

Mizraim is the 2nd son of Ham (Genesis 10:6) and a grandson of Noah.

The sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan. —Genesis 10:6 NASB

Relatives of Mizraim, son of Ham

Mizraim, the people (aka Mizraites)

They are descendants of Mizraim (above), the second son of Ham (Genesis 10:6, 13; 1 Chronicles 1:8, 11).

They are Egyptians.

Mizraim, the land

Neo-Babylonian texts use the name Mizraim for Egypt and it is inscribed on the Ishtar Gate of Babylon.

This name was also generally given by the Hebrews to the land of Egypt, and may denote the two Egypts—the Upper and the Lower.

The modern Arabic name for Egypt is the similar Miṣr or Muzr.

The book of Deuteronomy forbids the children of Israel from abhorring a Mizri, an Egyptian.

…thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger in his land. —Deuteronomy 23:7 KJV excerpt

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Article Version: April 12, 2024