Who and what is…
Canaan and what is The Promised Land
Canaan, son of Ham
“Cursed be Canaan;
A servant of servants
He shall be to his brothers.”
He also said,
Canaan fathered Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth, the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. The territory of the Canaanite extended from Sidon going toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; and going toward Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. —Genesis 10:15-19 NASB
Relatives of Canaan
- Grandfather: Noah
- Father: Ham
- Mother: not named in Scripture
- Brothers: • Cush • Mizraim • Put (Phut)
- • Sidon • Heth (There may have been others, but theses are the only ones mentioned in Scripture.)
- Descendants: • CANAANITES • Jebusites • Amorites • the Girgashites • Hivites • Arkites • Sinites • Arvadites • Zemarites • Hamathites
Canaan, the land
This area derived its name from the man above.
The name as first used by the Phoenicians denoted only the maritime plain on which Sidon was built on the coast of the Mediterranean. But in the time of Moses and Joshua, it denoted the whole country to the west of the Jordan and the Dead Sea (Deuteronomy 11:30). In Joshua 5:12 the Septuagint read, “land of the Phoenicians,” instead of “land of Canaan.”
The name signifies “the lowlands,” as distinguished from the land of Gilead on the east of Jordan, which was a mountainous district. The extent and boundaries of Canaan are fully set forth in different parts of Scripture (Genesis 10:19; 17:8; Numbers 13:29; 34:8).Author: EmmanuelM (2007). Licensed by CC BY-SA 3.0.
The Promised Land
The land of Canaan was promised by God to the descendants of Abraham (Genesis 12:7) and is thus referred to as The Promised Land.
“The Lord, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my birth, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give this land,’… —Genesis 24:7 NASB excerpt
It is called “The Land of Promise” in Hebrews 11:9.
Later this land was known as “The Land of the Hebrews” (Genesis 40:15). It is also called “The Land of the LORD,” “The Land of Jehovah (YHWH)” (Hosea 9:3; Psalm 85:1), and “The Holy land” (Zechariah 2:12). It is also called “The Land of Israel” (1 Samuel 13:19), and “The Land of Judah” (Isaiah 19:17).
The full territory promised as an inheritance to the seed of Abraham (Genesis 15:18-21; Numbers 34:1-12) was much greater than just the land of Canaan. It was bounded on the east by the Euphrates River, on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north by the “entrance of Hamath,” and on the south by the “river of Egypt” (apparently the Nile River). This extent of territory, about 60,000 square miles, was eventually conquered by King David, and was ruled over also by his son King Solomon (2 Samuel 8; 1 Chronicles 18; 1 Kings 4:1; 1 Kings 4:21).
This vast empire was The Promised Land, and Canaan was only a part of it, terminating in the north at the southern extremity of the Lebanon range, and in the south in the wilderness of Paran, thus extending in all to about 144 miles in length. Its average breadth was about 60 miles from the Mediterranean on the west to beyond the Jordan. During the reign of King Solomon, Israel actually had control of most of this area.
The Promised Land includes not only ancient Canaan, modern Israel, Gaza and other Palestinian lands, but also parts of modern day Turkey, Syria, and Jordan and possibly some of Egypt.
The people of the ancient land of Canaan primarily spoke a Semitic language of which there were various dialects and other variations.
“Semitic languages occur in written form from a very early historical date in West Asia, with East Semitic Akkadian and Eblaite [aka Eblan or Palaeo-Syrian —see Ebla tablets] texts (written in a script adapted from Sumerian cuneiform) appearing from the 30th century BCE and the 25th century BCE in Mesopotamia and the north eastern Levant respectively.
The only earlier attested languages are Sumerian, Elamite (2800 BCE to 550 BCE), both language isolates, Egyptian, and the unclassified Lullubi (30th century BCE). Amorite appeared in Mesopotamia and the northern Levant circa 2000 BC, followed by the mutually intelligible Canaanite languages (including Hebrew, Moabite, Edomite, Phoenician, Ekronite, Ammonite, Amalekite and Sutean),the still spoken Aramaic and Ugaritic during the 2nd millenium BC.”
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- What is a Canaanite?
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- Who are the Anakim?
- What are Philistines?
- Who are the Hivites?
- Who are the Amorites?
- What is a Girgashite?
- What are Jebusites?
- What is “the language of Canaan” mentioned in Isaiah?
- What is Palestine?
- What is Phoenicia?
- What has archaeology taught us about the origins of Israel? Answer
- Who is Abraham?
- Who is Jacob?
- Who is Joseph, son of Jacob?
- What is the Exodus?
- Who is Joshua?
- What is Jericho?
- Who is Lot?
- Who is Gibeon?
- Who and what is Shechem?
- What is Hazor?
- About SPIES in the Bible