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This is the name of the original inhabitants of Jebus, mentioned frequently among the 7 nations of Canaan doomed to destruction (Genesis 10:16; 15:21; Exodus 3:8, 17; 13:5, etc.)

At the time of the arrival of the Israelites in Canaan, they were ruled by Adonizedek (Joshua 10:1, 23). They were defeated by Joshua, and their king was slain; but they were not entirely driven out of Jebus till the time of David, who made it the capital of his kingdom instead of Hebron.

The site on which the temple was afterwards built belonged to Araunah, a Jebusite, from whom it was purchased by David, who refused to accept it as a free gift (2 Samuel 24:16-25; 1 Chronicles 21:24-25).

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