in the Bible
also known as: sovereigns
Kings bear a greater responsibility before God to live, lead and govern righteously and wisely, with goodness, mercy and in the fear of God.
Also, in His Sovereignty, God can and has moved the hearts and minds of kings to fulfill His purposes.
The word “king” is in Scripture very generally used to denote one invested with authority, whether extensive or limited. In the New Testament, the Roman emperor is spoken of as a king ( 1 Peter 2:13, 17), and Herod Antipas, who was only a tetrarch, is also called a king ( Matthew 14:9; Mark 6:22).
Scripture applies the title of King to
God ( 1 Timothy 1:17) and to Christ, the Son of God ( 1 Timothy 6:15-16; Matthew 27:11).
He is a great King over all the Earth —Psalm 47:2 KJV
“I Am a Great King,” says the Lord of hosts —Malachi 1:14
…He who is the blessed and
only , Potentate the King of kings and Lord of lords… —1 Timothy 6:15 NKJV
These will make war with the
Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings… —Revelation 17:14 NKJV
…He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
—Revelation 19:16 NKJV
Everlasting King / King Eternal (Jeremiah 10:10; 1 Timothy 1:16-17)
The people of
God are also called “ kings” ( Dan. 7:22, 27; Matthew 19:28; Rev. 1:6, etc.). Death is called the “king of terrors” ( Job 18:14).
There were 31 wicked kings subdued by
Joshua in Canaan at God’s command ( Joshua 12:9, 24). Hebrew kings
Jehovah was the sole King of the Jewish nation ( 1 Samuel 8:7; Isaiah 33:22). But there came a time in the history of that people when a king was demanded, that they might be like other nations ( 1 Samuel 8:5). The prophet Samuel remonstrated with them, but the people cried out, “Nay, but we will have a king over us.” The misconduct of Samuel's sons was the immediate cause of this demand.
Hebrew kings did not rule in their own right, nor in name of the people who had chosen them, but partly as servants and partly as representatives of Jehovah, the true King of Israel ( 1 Samuel 10:1).
The limits of the
king's power were prescribed ( 1 Samuel 10:25).
Many of the records of these kings are recorded in
The Book of Kings One and Two, and the Book of Chronicles One and Two. There also existed the chronicles of King David, but these have been lost.
The officers of a king’s court included:
recorder or remembrancer ( 2 Samuel 8:16; 1 Kings 4:3) the
scribe ( 2 Samuel 8:17; 20:25 the officer over the house, the chief steward (
Isaiah 22:15 the “
king's friend,” a confidential companion ( 1 Kings 4:5) the keeper of the wardrobe (
2 Kings 22:14)
captain of the bodyguard ( 2 Samuel 20:23) officers over the
king's treasures, etc. ( 1 Chronicles 27:25-31) commander-in-chief of the army (
1 Chronicles 27:34) the royal
counsellor ( 1 Chronicles 27:32; 2 Samuel 16:20-23).
Chronological list of
Hebrew kings Kings of the 12
tribes of Israel
BEFORE the tribes divided
Rehoboam—Israel split during his reign and both Judah and Israel sank in increasing moral and spiritual decay
Elah—wicked (son of Baasha)
101 Kings mentioned in the Bible
Adonibezek—wicked / subdued 70 others (Judges 1:7)
Alexander the Great
Herod Agrippa I
Herod the Great