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KINGS in the Bible

also known as: sovereigns

Old Testament King
Kings bear a greater responsibility before God to live, lead and govern righteously and wisely, with goodness, mercy and in the fear of God.

Also, in His Sovereignty, God can and has moved the hearts and minds of kings to fulfill His purposes.

The word “king” is in Scripture very generally used to denote one invested with authority, whether extensive or limited. In the New Testament, the Roman emperor is spoken of as a king (1 Peter 2:13, 17), and Herod Antipas, who was only a tetrarch, is also called a king (Matthew 14:9; Mark 6:22).

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Sovereign God

Scripture applies the title of King to God (1 Timothy 1:17) and to Christ, the Son of God (1 Timothy 6:15-16; Matthew 27:11).

He is a great King over all the Earth —Psalm 47:2 KJV

“I Am a Great King,” says the Lord of hosts —Malachi 1:14

…He who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords… —1 Timothy 6:15 NKJV

These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings… —Revelation 17:14 NKJV

…He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
—Revelation 19:16 NKJV

Everlasting King / King Eternal (Jeremiah 10:10; 1 Timothy 1:16-17)

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The people of God are also called “kings” (Dan. 7:22, 27; Matthew 19:28; Rev. 1:6, etc.). Death is called the “king of terrors” (Job 18:14).

There were 31 wicked kings subdued by Joshua in Canaan at God’s command (Joshua 12:9, 24).

Hebrew kings

Jehovah was the sole King of the Jewish nation (1 Samuel 8:7; Isaiah 33:22). But there came a time in the history of that people when a king was demanded, that they might be like other nations (1 Samuel 8:5). The prophet Samuel remonstrated with them, but the people cried out, “Nay, but we will have a king over us.” The misconduct of Samuel's sons was the immediate cause of this demand.

The Hebrew kings did not rule in their own right, nor in name of the people who had chosen them, but partly as servants and partly as representatives of Jehovah, the true King of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1).

The limits of the king's power were prescribed (1 Samuel 10:25).

Many of the records of these kings are recorded in The Book of Kings One and Two, and the Book of Chronicles One and Two. There also existed the chronicles of King David, but these have been lost.

The officers of a king’s court included:

  1. the recorder or remembrancer (2 Samuel 8:16; 1 Kings 4:3)
  2. the scribe (2 Samuel 8:17; 20:25
  3. the officer over the house, the chief steward (Isaiah 22:15
  4. the “king's friend,” a confidential companion (1 Kings 4:5)
  5. the keeper of the wardrobe (2 Kings 22:14)
  6. captain of the bodyguard (2 Samuel 20:23)
  7. officers over the king's treasures, etc. (1 Chronicles 27:25-31)
  8. commander-in-chief of the army (1 Chronicles 27:34)
  9. the royal counsellor (1 Chronicles 27:32; 2 Samuel 16:20-23).
  10. ambassador

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Chronological list of Hebrew kings

Kings of the 12 tribes of Israel
BEFORE the tribes divided

  1. Saul
  2. David
  3. Solomon

Kings of the Kingdom of Judah
AFTER the division

  1. Rehoboam—Israel split during his reign and both Judah and Israel sank in increasing moral and spiritual decay
  2. Abijah
  3. Asa
  4. Jehoshaphat
  5. Jehoram
  6. Ahaziah
  7. Athaliah
  8. Joash
  9. Amaziah
  10. Uzziah
  11. Jotham
  12. Ahaz—wicked
  13. Hezekiah
  14. Manasseh
  15. Amon
  16. Josiah
  17. Jehoahaz
  18. Jehoiakim
  19. Jehoiachin
  20. Zedekiah

Kings of the Kingdom of Israel
AFTER the division

  1. Jeroboam—wicked
  2. Nadab—assassinated
  3. Baasha—wicked
  4. Elah—wicked (son of Baasha)
  5. Zimri—wicked
  6. Tibni
  7. Omri—wicked
  8. Ahab—wicked
  9. Ahaziah—wicked
  10. Jehoram—wicked
  11. Jehu
  12. Jehoahaz—wicked
  13. Jehoash
  14. Zechariah
  15. Shallum
  16. Menahem—wicked
  17. Pekahiah—wicked, assassinated
  18. Pekah—wicked
  19. Hoshea—wicked


101 Kings mentioned in the Bible
alphabetical

  1. Abijam
  2. Abimelech
  3. Adonibezek—wicked / subdued 70 others (Judges 1:7)
  4. Achbor
  5. Achish
  6. Adoni-zedec
  7. Adonizedek
  8. Agag
  9. Agrippa I
  10. Ahab
  11. Ahasuerus
  12. Ahaz
  13. Ahaziah
  14. Alexander the Great
  15. Amaziah
  16. Amon
  17. Amraphel
  18. Aretas
  19. Arioch
  20. Artaxerxes
  21. Asa
  22. Asnapper
  23. Baal-hanan
  24. Baalis
  25. Baasha
  26. Bela
  27. Belshazzar
  28. Ben-hadad
  29. Berodach-baladan
  30. Birsha
  31. Chedorlaomer
  32. Chushan-rishathaim
  33. Cyrus
  34. Debir
  35. Eglon
  36. Elah
  37. Eliakim
  38. Eth-baal
  39. Evil-merodach
  40. David
  41. Hadad
  42. Hadadezer
  43. Hadarezer
  44. Hanun
  45. Herod Agrippa I
  46. Herod the Great
  47. Hezekiah
  48. Hiram
  49. Hoham
  50. Hoshea
  51. Hur
  52. Jabin
  53. Japhia
  54. Jechoniah (Jechonias)
  55. Jehoash
  56. Jehoiachin
  57. Jehoiakim
  58. Jehoram
  59. Jehoshaphat
  60. Jehu
  61. Jeroboam—wicked
  62. Joash
  63. Jobab
  64. Josiah
  65. Lemuel
  66. Melchizedek
  67. Menahem
  68. Mesha
  69. Nadab
  70. Nahash
  71. Nebuchadnezzar
  72. Necho II
  73. Nimrod
  74. Og
  75. Omri
  76. Oshea
  77. Osnapper
  78. Piram
  79. Pul
  80. Rehoboam
  81. Rezin
  82. Rezon
  83. Sargon
  84. Saul
  85. Sennacherib
  86. Shallum
  87. Shalman
  88. Shemeber
  89. Shinab
  90. Shishak I
  91. So
  92. Solomon
  93. Talmai
  94. Tiglath-Pileser III
  95. Tirhakah
  96. Toi
  97. Uzziah
  98. Xerxes
  99. Zachariah
  100. Zedekiah
  101. Zerah


Kingdoms



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