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the title generally applied to the chief men of the state
The “princes of the provinces” (1 Kings 20:14) were the governors or lord-lieutenants of the provinces. So also the “princes” mentioned in Dan. 6:1, 3-4, 6-7 were the officers who administered the affairs of the provinces; the “satraps” (as rendered in Revised King James Version). These are also called “lieutenants” (Esther 3:12; 8:9; Revised King James Version, “satraps”).
Princes in the Bible