also known as: Abimelek
Abimelech, the Philistine king of Gerar
By an interposition of Providence, Sarah was delivered from his harem, and was restored to her husband Abraham. As a mark of respect, the king gave to Abraham valuable gifts, and offered him a settlement in any part of his country; while at the same time he delicately and yet severely rebuked him for having practiced a deception upon him in pretending that Sarah was only his sister.
Among the gifts presented by the king were a thousand pieces of silver as a “covering of the eyes” for Sarah; i.e., either as an atoning gift and a testimony of her innocence in the sight of all, or rather for the purpose of procuring a veil for Sarah to conceal her beauty, and thus as a reproof to her for not having worn a veil which, as a married woman, she apparently ought to have done in that culture.
A few years after this Abimelech visited Abraham, who had removed southward beyond his territory, and there entered into a league of peace and friendship with him. This league was the first of which we have any record. It was confirmed by a mutual oath at Beer-sheba (Genesis 21:22-34).
Isaac sought refuge in his territory during a famine, and there he acted a part with reference to his wife Rebekah similar to that of his father Abraham with reference to Sarah. Abimelech rebuked him for the deception, which he accidentally discovered.
Abimelech, a son of Gideon
Then Abimelech, son of Gideon, went up to Mount Zalmon, he and all the people who were with him. And Abimelech took an ax in his hand and cut down a bough from the trees, and took it and laid it on his shoulder; then he said to the people who were with him, “What you have seen me do, make haste and do as I have done.”
So each of the people likewise cut down his own bough and followed Abimelech, put them against the stronghold, and set the stronghold on fire above them, so that all the people of the tower of Shechem died, about a thousand men and women.
—Judges 9:48-49 NKJV
He was an unprincipled, ambitious ruler, often engaged in war with his own subjects.
When engaged in reducing the town of Thebez, which had revolted, he was struck mortally on his head by a millstone, thrown by the hand of a woman from the wall above. Perceiving that the wound was mortal, he asked his armor-bearer to thrust him through with his sword, that it might not be said he had perished by the hand of a woman (Judges 9:50-57).
At one time he lived in Arumah (Judges 9:41), which is “generally considered to be the same as the modern Jebel el-Urmah.” —Daniel I. Block, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel (Zondervan, 2009). p. 173
Abimelech, the son of Abiathar
This name appears in the title of Psalm 34.
A Psalm of David when he pretended madness before Abimelech, who drove him away, and he departed.
David sought refuge with him (1 Samuel 21:10-15).