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Shechem

Hebrew: שְׁכֶם or שכם —transliteration: Shekem —possible meaning: shoulder or ridge

Shechem is the name of 2 biblical men and a city.

People

  1. Shechem, a son of Hamor the Hivite

    And Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, on his way from Paddan-aram, and he camped before the city. And from the sons of Hamor, Shechem's father, he bought for a hundred pieces of money [a hundred qesitah] the piece of land on which he had pitched his tent. There he erected an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel [God, the God of Israel]. —Genesis 33:18-20 ESV

  2. Shechem, a descendant of Manasseh (Numbers 26:31; Joshua 17:2)

    His family/descendants are called Shechemites.

Shechem, a city in Samaria on the highway to Jerusalem

also known as: Sichem (Genesis 12:6), Greek: Sychem (Acts 7:16), Sychar (John 4:5), Flavia Neapolis (Roman), Nablus (modern city), Tell Balatad (archaeological dig site)

Site of excavated ruins of biblical Shechem—satellite view / The modern city of Nabulus is biblical Shechem.

The name of this city first appears in Genesis 33:18. It was a very old Canaanite city that stood in a strategic narrow sheltered valley between Mount Ebal on the north and Mount Gerizim on the south, these mountains at their base being only some 500 yards apart. It is considered one of the oldest settlements in Canaan. After the Israelite conquest, Shechem belonged to the tribe of Manasseh (Joshua 17:7).

Biblical events at Shechem

This city is one of the world’s oldest and still remains in existence to the present day, under a different name. It is the modern Nablus, a contraction for Neapolis, the name given to it by Emperor Vespasian. It lies about 1½ miles up the valley on its southern slope, and on the north of Mount Gerizim, which rises about 1,100 feet above it, and is about 34 miles north of Jerusalem.

Modern Nabulus, in West Bank, Israel (population 126-thousand)—satellite view

A city called Gaza, near Shechem, only mentioned 1 Chronicles 7:28, has entirely disappeared. It was destroyed at the time of the Conquest, and its place was taken by Shechem.

Also see

  • What is JACOB’S WELL?
  • What is SYCHAR?
  • What is SICHEM?
  • What is NEAPOLIS?
  • What is MOUNT EBAL?
  • What is MOUNT GERIZIM?
  • Archaeological discoveries related to “Abimelech at Shechem” by Bryant G. Wood PhD (Associates for Biblical Research) —“For some 800 years, from the time of Jacob until the time of Gideon, Shechem was an important highland urban center controlling the area from Megiddo to Jerusalem. It is no surprise, then, that Gideon's son Abimelech went to the leaders of Shechem to gain support for his failed attempt to become king of the Israelite tribes. Three archaeological discoveries at Shechem relate to the narrative of Judges 9. …”
  • Cities of the Bible
Article Version: October 17, 2019