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What are the…
Cities of the Bible
names, descriptions, locations and types

The earliest mention of city-building is that of the pre-Flood city of Enoch, which was built by Cain, son of Adam (Genesis 4:17).

After the Flood and the confusion of tongues at Babel, the descendants of Nimrod founded several cities (10:10-12).

Next, we have a record of the cities of the Canaanites, Sidon, Gaza, Sodom, etc. (10:12, 19; 11:3, 9; 36:31-39). The earliest description of a city is that of Sodom (19:1-22).

Damascus is said to be the oldest of the post-Flood cities still inhabited today.

Before the time of Abraham there were cities in Egypt (Numbers 13:22). The Israelites in Egypt were employed in building the “treasure cities” of Pithom and Raamses (Exodus 1:11); but it does not seem that they had any cities of their own in Goshen (Genesis 46:34; 47:1-11).

In the kingdom of Og in Bashan there were sixty “great cities with walls,” and twenty-three cities in Gilead partly rebuilt by the tribes on the east of Jordan (Numbers 21:21, 32,33,35; 32:1-3, 34-42; Deuteronomy 3:4,5, 14; 1 Kings 4:13). On the west of Jordan were thirty-one “royal cities” (Joshua 12), besides many others spoken of in the history of Israel.

Fenced Cities

A fenced city was a city surrounded by fortifications and high walls, with watch-towers upon them (2 Chronicles 11:11; Deuteronomy 3:5). There was also within the city generally a tower to which the citizens might flee when danger threatened them (Judges 9:46-52).

Cities of Refuge

There were 6 cities of refuge, 3 on each side of Jordan, namely, Kadesh, Shechem, Hebron, on the west of Jordan; and on the east, Bezer, Ramoth-gilead, and Golan. The cities on each side of the river were nearly opposite each other. See: CITIES OF REFUGE

City of David

When David destroyed the fortress of the Jebusites which stood on Mount Zion, he built on the site a palace and a city, which he called by his own name (1 Chronicles 11:5), the city of David. Bethlehem is also so called as being David’s native town (Luke 2:4).

Holy City

Jerusalem is called the Holy City, the holiness of the temple being regarded as extending in some measure over the whole city (Neh. 11:1).

Treasure cities

Pithom and Raamses, built by the Israelites as “treasure cities,” were not places where royal treasures were kept, but were fortified towns where merchants might store their goods and transact their business in safety, or cities in which munitions of war were stored. (See PITHOM.)

Levitical cities (list)

  1. Ain
  2. Anathoth
  3. Anem
  4. Ayalon Valley (Ajalon, Aijalon , Aij'alon, Ayyalon)
  5. Beth-Shemesh
  6. Bethoron (Beth-Horon)
  7. Bezer
  8. Bosor
  9. Daberath
  10. Eshtemoa
  11. Geba
  12. Gezer
  13. Golan
  14. Heshbon (aka Hisban)
  15. Jarmuth
  16. Jazer (Numbers 32:1; 32:3; Joshua 13:25)
  17. Kartah
  18. Kedesh
  19. Kibzaim
  20. Mahanaim
  21. Nahalal (Nahalal)
  22. Ramoth-Gilead
  23. Shechem
  24. Taanach (Ta'anakh, Ti'inik, or Ti’innik)
  25. Jokneam (aka Jokneam Illit, Yokneam Illit, and Yokneam

List of Biblical cities

Also see: List of cities in the Tribe of Judah

  1. Abel-beth-maachah
  2. Abdon
  3. Accad (Akkad)
  4. Accho
  5. Acco
  6. Achmetha
  7. Achzib (Achziv)
  8. Achshaph
  9. Adam —miracle here
  10. Adamah —destroyed by God
  11. Adramyttium
  12. Adullam
  13. Aeolis
  14. Ai
  15. Aid-el-ma
  16. Aijalon
  17. Ajalon
  18. Akkad
  19. Alemeth
  20. Alexandria
  21. Almon
  22. Amphipolis
  23. Anab
  24. Ananiah
  25. Anathoth
  26. Anem
  27. Aner
  28. Anim
  29. Antioch
  30. Antipatris
  31. Aphek
  32. Aphik
  33. Apollonia
  34. Ar
  35. Arab
  36. Arad
  37. Archi
  38. Arimathea
  39. Aroer
  40. Arpad
  41. Arphad
  42. Arvad
  43. Ascalon
  44. Ashdod
  45. Ashkelon
  46. Askelon
  47. Ashtaroth
  48. Ashterah
  49. Asshur
  50. Ataroth
  51. Athens
  52. Azekah
  53. Baal
  54. Baalbec
  55. Baal-gad
  56. Baal-hazor
  57. Baal-hermon
  58. Baalah
  59. Baale of Judah
  60. Babel
  61. Babylon—miracle here
  62. Baghdad
  63. Bajith
  64. Balah
  65. Bashan havoth jair
  66. Beeroth
  67. Beersheba
  68. Bela
  69. Berea
  70. Betah
  71. Beth-anath
  72. Beth-anoth
  73. Beth-arabah
  74. Beth-dagon
  75. Beth-diblathaim
  76. Beth-gamul
  77. Beth-hoglah, a city of the tribe of Benjamin (Joshua 18:20-24)
  78. Bethshan
  79. Beth-Omri
  80. Beth-shean
  81. Beth-shemesh
  82. Bethel
  83. Bethsaida
  84. Bethuel
  85. Bethlehem—miracles here, birthplace of David and Jesus Christ
  86. Bezer
  87. Bozrah
  88. Cabul
  89. Caesara Philippi
  90. Caesarea
  91. Calah
  92. Calneh
  93. Camon
  94. Capernaum—miracles here
  95. Carchemish
  96. Cenchrea
  97. Chephirah
  98. Chinnereth
  99. Chor-ashan
  100. Chorazin
  101. Chun
  102. Cinnereth
  103. The City of Salt
  104. The City of Palm Trees
  105. Colossae
  106. Corinth
  107. Cuthah
  108. Cyrene
  109. Damascus
  110. Dannah
  111. Debir
  112. Diblathaim
  113. Dibon
  114. Dimnah
  115. Dinhabah
  116. Diospolis
  117. Dor
  118. Dothan
  119. Ecbatana
  120. Eder
  121. Edrei
  122. Eglon
  123. Egyptian cities
  124. Elath
  125. Emek-keziz, a city of the tribe of Benjamin (Joshua 18:20-24)
  126. Elon
  127. Eltekeh
  128. En-gannim
  129. Enoch—first city (antediluvian)
  130. Ephah
  131. Ephesus
  132. Ephratah
  133. Ephrath
  134. Erech
  135. Eshtemoa
  136. Etam
  137. Ezion-geber
  138. Gadara
  139. Gath
  140. Gath-rimmon
  141. Gaulanitisrefuge
  142. Gaza
  143. Geba
  144. Gebal
  145. Gedor
  146. Gennesaret
  147. Gezer
  148. Gibbethon
  149. Gibeah of Judah
  150. Gibeah of Phinehas
  151. Gibeon
  152. Giloh
  153. Gimzo
  154. Gittite
  155. Golanrefuge
  156. Gomorrah—destroyed by God
  157. Hadashah
  158. Hammath
  159. Hammon
  160. Hammoth-dor
  161. Haran
  162. Harosheth of the Gentiles
  163. Hazar-gaddah
  164. Hazar-shual
  165. Hazar-susah
  166. Hazor
  167. Hazor-hadattah
  168. Hebron
  169. Heleph
  170. Heliopolis of Egypt
  171. Heliopolis of Syria
  172. Hena
  173. Hepher
  174. Heshbon
  175. Hierapolis
  176. Horem
  177. Horonaim
  178. Ibleam
  179. Iconium
  180. Idalah
  181. Iim
  182. Ijon
  183. Irha-heres
  184. Ivah
  185. Jaazer
  186. Jabesh-Gilead
  187. Jabneel
  188. Jagur
  189. Janoah
  190. Jano’hah
  191. Jarmuth
  192. Jattir
  193. Jazer (Numbers 32:1; 32:3; Joshua 13:25)
  194. Jebus
  195. Jericho—miracle here
  196. Jerusalem—miracles here
  197. Jeshanah
  198. Jeshua
  199. Jethlah
  200. Jokdeam
  201. Jokmeam
  202. Jokneam
  203. Joktheel
  204. Joppa
  205. Juttah—birthplace of John the Baptist
  206. Kabzeel
  207. Kadesh
  208. Kartah
  209. Kartan
  210. Kedemoth
  211. Kedesh
  212. Keilah
  213. Kenath
  214. Kerioth
  215. Keziz
  216. Kibzaim
  217. Kinah
  218. Kir-haraseth
  219. Kir
  220. Kirjath-arba
  221. Kirjath-huzoth
  222. Kirjath-jearim
  223. Kirjath-sannah
  224. Kirjath-sepher
  225. Kirjath
  226. Kirjathaimrefuge
  227. Kishion
  228. Kitron
  229. Laban
  230. Lachish
  231. Laish
  232. Laodicea
  233. Lasaea
  234. Libnah
  235. Lod
  236. Ludd
  237. Luz
  238. Lydda
  239. Lystra
  240. Madmen
  241. Madon
  242. Magdala
  243. Mahanaim
  244. Makkedah
  245. Maktesh
  246. Mareshah
  247. Medeba
  248. Megiddo
  249. Memphis
  250. MephaathLevitical
  251. Middin
  252. Migdal-el
  253. Mishal
  254. Mitylene
  255. Mizpah
  256. Moladah
  257. Mozah
  258. Naamah
  259. Nahallal
  260. Nazareth
  261. Neapolis
  262. Nibshan
  263. Nicopolis
  264. Nimrah
  265. Nineveh
  266. No
  267. NobLevitical
  268. Nobah
  269. Noph
  270. Nophah
  271. On
  272. Open place
  273. Ophni
  274. Ophrah
  275. Pai
  276. Palestinae
  277. Patara
  278. Pau
  279. Pelusium
  280. Penuel—miracle here
  281. Pergamos
  282. Pethor
  283. Petra
  284. Philadelphia
  285. Philippi
  286. Pithom
  287. Ptolemais
  288. Puteoli
  289. Raamses
  290. Rabbah
  291. Rakkath
  292. Rama (Ramah)
  293. RamothLevitical
  294. Ramoth-gilead —a cities of refuge
  295. Rehob
  296. Rehoboth
  297. Rehov
  298. Resen
  299. Rimmon
  300. Rome
  301. Salamis
  302. Salcah
  303. Sardis
  304. Secacah
  305. Seleucia
  306. Sepharvaim
  307. Shaaraim
  308. Shalem
  309. Shalem
  310. Shechem
  311. Shiloh
  312. Shimron-meron
  313. Shimron
  314. Sichem
  315. Sidon
  316. Sin
  317. Sippara
  318. Smyrna
  319. Socho
  320. Sodom—destroyed by God
  321. Succoth
  322. Taanach
  323. Tanis (called Zoan)
  324. Tadmor
  325. Tahapanes
  326. Tappuah
  327. Tarsus
  328. Thebez
  329. Tekoa
  330. Thessalonica
  331. Thyatira
  332. Tiberias
  333. Tibhath
  334. Timna
  335. Timnath-serah
  336. Tirza
  337. Troas
  338. Tyre
  339. Ur
  340. Uzal
  341. Zarethan (a.k.a. Zaretan, Zartanah, Zarthan and Zeredathah, Zeredah) (see: Joshua 3:16; 1 Kings 4:12; 7:46; 2 Chronicles 4:17)
  342. Zareth-shahar
  343. Zeboim—destroyed by God
  344. Zeboim
  345. Zidon
  346. Zior
  347. Ziph
  348. Ziphron
  349. Zoan

Suburbs

A city with suburbs was a city surrounded with open pasture-grounds, such as the forty-eight cities which were given to the Levites (Numbers 35:2-7).

Things in cities

More information

Article Version: June 10, 2024