What and where is…
“What happened at Lachish issues warnings to Christians today. When God’s values are ignored by the majority, even the righteous reap the consequences.”—quote from the Christian archaeological video which describes this ancient city: “On the Prophets & Kings of Israel”—“The Wages of Sin,” part of the Faith Lessons video series.
Control by Israel
Lachish was assaulted and probably taken by King Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:14,17; 19:8; Isaiah 36:2). An account of this siege is given on some slabs found in the chambers of the palace of Koyunjik, and now in the British Museum. The inscription on the picture above has been deciphered as follows:
At an archaeological dig to the west (Tell-el-Hesy), a cuneiform tablet was found containing a letter supposed to be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chronicles 4:32) to the chief of Lachish, in which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of marauders from the Hebron hills. “They have entered the land,” he says, “to lay waste… strong is he who has come down. He lays waste.”
“This letter shows that “the communication by tablets in cuneiform script was not only usual in writing to Egypt, but in the internal correspondence of the country. The letter, though not so important in some ways as the Moabite stone and the Siloam text, is one of the most valuable discoveries ever made in Palestine.”
—Conder’s Tell Amarna Tablets, p. 134
Some mentions of Lachish in Scripture
They did so, and brought these five kings out to him from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.
—Joshua 10:23 NASB
…the king of Lachish… —Joshua 12:11
They conspired against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish and killed him there. —2 Kings 14:19 NASB
Sennacherib king of Assyria sent his servants to Jerusalem while he was besieging Lachish with all his forces with him, against Hezekiah king of Judah and against all Judah who were at Jerusalem… —2 Chronicles 32:9 NASB