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Greek

The Greek language has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning at least 3,400 years of written records. 1

The word “Greek” is found only in the New Testament, where a distinction is observed between “Greek” and “Grecian”. The former is a Greek by race (Acts 16:1-3; 18:17; Romans 1:14), or a Gentile as opposed to a Jew (Romans 2:9-10).

A Grecian means “one who speaks Greek” and is a foreign Jew opposed to a home Jew who dwelt in Judea.

The word “Grecians” in Acts 11:20 KJV should be “Greeks,” denoting the heathen Greeks of that city, as rendered in the Revised King James Version according to the reading of the best manuscripts (“Hellenes”) —Acts 11:20 NKJV (“Hellenists”) and Acts 11:20 NASB (“Greeks”).

  1. “Greek language,” Encyclopædia Britannica (Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., retrieved April 29 2014).

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Article Version: April 24, 2021