also known as: Raqote, Rhacotis, Rakotə, Eskendereyyah

This was a great metropolis of ancient Lower Egypt. It was named after its founder, Alexander the Great (about B.C. 333). For a long period, it was the greatest city in the world, for both Nineveh and Babylon had been destroyed, and Rome had not yet risen to greatness.

It was the residence of the kings of Egypt for 200 years. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament, and only incidentally in the New Testament. Apollos, eloquent and mighty in the Scriptures, was a native of this city (Acts 18:24).

Many Jews from Alexandria were in Jerusalem, where they had a synagogue (Acts 6:9), at the time of Stephen’s martyrdom. At one time it is said that as many as 10,000 Jews resided in this city.

It was here that the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek. This is called the Septuagint (70) version, from the tradition that seventy learned men were engaged in executing it. It was, however, not all translated at one time. It was begun B.C. 280, and finished about B.C. 200 or 150.

Modern Alexandria, Egypt—satellite view

Alexandria possessed a famous and extremely important library of 700,000 volumes, which was burned by the Saracens (A.D. 642).

Satellite view of the modern Library of Alexandria (Bibliotheca Alexandrina), containing 8 million books, 4 museums and a planetarium