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God twice felled the false-god Dagon idol in Ashdod’s temple as the ark of the covenant was displayed before it after capture by the Philistines. God also smote its worshippers with emerods (1 Samuel 5:1-12).
Ashdod belonged to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:47), but it never came into their actual possession. It was an important city, as it stood on the highroad from Egypt to Canaan, and hence was strongly fortified (2 Chronicles 26:6; Isaiah 20:1).
The city was later called Eshdud.
Article Version: September 1, 2017