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This was the name of one of the cities of refuge, in the tribe of Benjamin (Joshua 21:18). The Jews, as a rule, did not change the names of the towns they found in Canaan; so this town probably derived its name from the goddess Anat. It was the native place of Abieezer, one of David’s “thirty” (2 Samuel 23:27), and of Jehu, another of his mighty men (1 Chronicles 12:3).

It is most importantly notable as the birthplace and usual residence of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:1; 11:21-23; 29:27; 32:7-9). It suffered greatly from the army of Sennacherib, and only 128 men returned to it from the Exile (Neh. 7:27; Ezra 2:23). It lay about 3 miles north of Jerusalem. It has been identified with the village of 'Anata .