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Meaning: son of my right hand
also known as: Ben-oni
His birth took place at Ephrath, on the road between Bethel and Bethlehem, at a short distance from the latter place. RachelHis mother died in giving him birth, and with her last breath named him Ben-oni, son of my pain, a name which was changed by his father into Benjamin.
Tribe of Benjanin
These are descendants of the man Benjamin (mentioned above). They were called Benjamites.
At the entrance into Canaan it counted 45,600 warriors.
This tribe is also mentioned in the New Testament (Romans 11:1; Philippians 3:5).
Territory of the Benjamites
The inheritance of this tribe lay immediately to the south of that of Ephraim, and was about 26 miles in length and 12 in breadth. Its eastern boundary was the Jordan. Dan intervened between it and the Philistines. Its chief towns are named in Joshua 18:21-28.
The history of the tribe contains a sad record of a desolating civil war in which they were engaged with the other eleven tribes. By it they were almost exterminated (Judges 20:20-21; 21:10). (See GIBEAH.)
The first king of the Jews was Saul, a Benjamite. A close alliance was formed between this tribe and that of Judah in the time of David (2 Samuel 19:16-17), which continued after his death (1 Kings 11:13; 12:20). After the Exile these two tribes formed the great body of the Jewish nation (Ezra 1:5; 10:9).
The gate of Benjamin, on the north side of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 37:13; 38:7; Zechariah 14:10), was so called because it led in the direction of the territory of the tribe of Benjamin. It is called by Jeremiah (20:2) “the high gate of Benjamin;” also “the gate of the children of the people” (17:19). (Compare 2 Kings 14:13.)
Article Version: March 20, 2019