Greek: Ἡλιούπολις —transliteration: Hēlioúpolis
also known as: Baalbek, Baalbeck, Heliopolis in Syria, Coelesyria
This ancient idolatrous city was called Heliopolis by the Greeks, i.e., “the city of the sun” or “sun city” because of its famous Temple of the Sun — a temple devoted to the heathen god Jupiter (Zeus). A Temple of Bacchus is also located here.
Venus was also worshipped here, as well as the local Semitic god Ba'al Haddu.
After sustaining several sieges under the Muslims and others, it was finally destroyed by an earthquake in 1759. Its ruins are very large.