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This city was called Heliopolis by the Greeks, i.e., “the city of the sun,” because of its famous Temple of the Sun.

Some have supposed that this was Solomon’s “house of the forest of Lebanon” (1 Kings 7:2; 10:17; 2 Chronicles 9:16); others identified it with Baal-gad.

Baalbec was a city about 42 miles northwest of Damascus. It was one of the most splendid of Syrian cities, existing from a remote antiquity.

After sustaining several sieges under the Moslems and others, it was finally destroyed by an earthquake in 1759. Its ruins are very large.