Meaning: nothingness; vanity
Hosea speaks of the “high places of Aven” (Hosea 10:8), by which he means Bethel.
He also calls it Beth-aven, i.e., “the house of vanity” (Hosea 4:15), because of the golden calves Jeroboam had set up there (1 Kings 12:28).
Aven, in Egypt
This is the Egyptian Heliopolis, also called the city of On.
It is translated by the Septuagint as “On” in Ezek. 30:17.
In Amos 1:5 it denotes the Syrian Heliopolis, the modern Baalbec (aka Baalbek, Baalbeck, Heliopolis in Syria, and Coelesyri).
Article Version: July 2, 2021