What is a…
This was a gold scuplture of a calf which the idolatrous Israelites formed at Sinai. This symbol was apparently copied from the pagan religion of the Egyptians. It was destroyed at the command of Moses (Exodus 32:20).
Some suggest that the golden calf which Aaron made (Exodus 32:4) was possibly a copy of the god Moloch rather than of the god Apis, the sacred ox or bull calf of Egypt. However, it is more than likely that the 2 gods are basically different versions of the same Satanically-inspired false god.
Return to golden calf idolatry
Later, wicked kings of Israel substituted worship of the one true God with pagan idolatry. Aften living in Egypt, Jeroboam returned to the land Israel and made 2 golden calves. At a great introduction ceremony followed by a heathen feast, he made this blasphemous declaration to the people,
“Behold your gods, O Israel, that brought you up from the land of Egypt.” —1 Kings 12:28 NASB
Ages after this, Jeroboam, king of Israel, set up two idol calves, one at Dan, and the other at Bethel, that he might thus prevent the ten tribes from resorting to Jerusalem for worship (1 Kings 12:28). These calves continued to be a snare to the people till the time of their captivity.
The calf at Dan was carried away in the reign of Pekah by Tiglath-pileser, and that at Bethel ten years later, in the reign of Hoshea, by Shalmaneser (2 Kings 15:29; 17:33). This sin of Jeroboam is almost always mentioned along with his name (2 Kings 15:28, etc.).