also known as: Gilad
Meaning: hill of testimony
Hebrew: גִּלְעָד—transliteration: Gilead or Gilad
This is the name of 3 biblical men, a people, and a region. It first appears in Genesis 31:21 in connection with Jacob fleeing from Laban. The name is mentioned 132 times in Scripture.
Gilead, a mountainous region in modern day Jordan
From its mountainous character it is called “the mount of Gilead” (Genesis 31:25).
It is also called “the land of Gilead” (Numbers 32:1), and sometimes simply “Gilead” (Psalm 60:7; Genesis 37:25).
It was possessed by 3 Hebrew tribes: Gad and Reuben and the south part of Manasseh (Deuteronomy 3:13; Numbers 32:40).
It was bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab and Ammon (Genesis 31:21; Deuteronomy 3:12-17). “Half Gilead” was possessed by Sihon, and the other half, separated from it by the river Jabbok, by Og, king of Bashan.
The deep ravine of the river Hieromax (the modern Sheriat el-Mandhur) separated Bashan from Gilead, which was about 60 miles in length and 20 in breadth, extending from near the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret to the north end of the Dead Sea. Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor are its mountains mentioned in Scripture.
Gilead exported spices, balm, and myrrh.
Partial list of events in Gilead
Gilead, son of Machir and grandson of Manasseh (Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:28-30; 27:1; 36:1; 1 Chronicles 2:21)
Gilead, son of Michael and father of Jaroah (1 Chronicles 5:11-14)
They were Gadites (members of the Tribe of Gad), descendants of Jacob’s 7th son Gad.
Gilead, the father of Jephthah (Judges 11:1)
His descendants were called Gileadites.
Article Version: December 7, 2018