Hebrew: גִּלְעָד—transliteration: Gilead or Gilad —meaning: hill of testimony
also known as: Gilad
Gilead, the land
also known as: The Land of Gilead and the mount of Gilead
Gilead was a mountainous region in modern day Jordan.
Due to its mountainous character, it is called “the mount of Gilead” (Genesis 31:25).Author: EmmanuelM (2007). Licensed by CC BY-SA 3.0.
It was bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab and Ammon (Genesis 31:21; Deuteronomy 3:12-17). “Half Gilead” was possessed by Sihon, and the other half, separated from it by the river Jabbok, by Og, king of Bashan.
The deep ravine of the river Hieromax (the modern Sheriat el-Mandhur) separated Bashan from Gilead, which was about 60 miles in length and 20 in breadth, extending from near the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret to the north end of the Dead Sea. Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor are its mountains mentioned in Scripture.
Partial list of events in Gilead
- Laban overtook Jacob in Gilead (Genesis 31:21-25)
- Reubenites expelled the Hagarites from Gilead (1 Chronicles 5:9-10, 18-22
- Ammonites made war against Gilead and were defeated by Jephthah (Judges 11)
- The prophet Elijah was of the settlers of Gilead, and he confronted King Ahab (1 Kings 17)
- King David retreated to Gilead during Absalom’s rebellion (2 Samuel 17:16, 22, 24) and Absalom pursued him there (2 Sam. 17:26)
- Absalom was defeated and slain in the forests of Gilead (2 Sam. 18:9)
- Hazael defeated the kingdom of Israel throughout all of Gilead (2 Kings 10:32-33; Amos 1:3)
- Gilead was invaded by King Tiglath-pileser III of Syria (2 Kings 15:29)
Gilead, son of Machir
Gilead, son of Michael
This Gilead is the father of Jaroah (1 Chronicles 5:11-14)
Gilead, father of Jephtha the valiant warrior and Judge
This Gilead is mentioned in Judges 11:1.
His descendants were called Gileadites.
Gilead, the city
Gilead is a city of wrongdoers,
Tracked with bloody footprints. —Hosea 6:8 NASB
This evil ity was located in Judah.