This word is a contraction of the word Bal'sam, a general name for many oily or resinous substances which flow or trickle from certain trees or plants when an incision is made through the bark.
Hebrew: צְרִי —transliteration: tsori, tseri, or tsory
Tsori comes from a root meaning “to crack (as by pressure), hence, to leak; distillation, i.e. Balsam—balm”
This word occurs in the King James Version (Genesis 37:25; 43:11; Jeremiah 8:22; 46:11; 51:8; Ezek. 27:17) as the translation of the Hebrew word tsori, which denotes the gum of a tree growing in Gilead, which is very precious.
Is there no balm in Gilead,
Is there no physician there?
Why then is there no recovery
For the health of the daughter of my people? —Jeremiah 8:22 KJV
It was celebrated for its medicinal qualities, and was circulated as an article of merchandise by Arab and Phoenician merchants. The shrub so named was highly valued, and was almost peculiar to Israel.
Hebrew: בֶּשֶׂם—transliteration: bosem or basam
This word comes from a root meaning to be fragrant.
Bosem (basam) is the Hebrew word from which our English word “balsam,” as well as the corresponding Greek βάλσαμον (balsamon), is derived.