perfumes in the Bible
Perfumes were used in various ways in Biblical times and are often mentioned in Scripture.
Use in worship of God
Special, unique perfumed incense devoted to God, and not for personal use
With it you shall make incense, a perfume, the work of a perfumer, salted, pure, and holy.
You shall beat some of it very fine, and put part of it before the testimony in the tent of meeting where I will meet with you; it shall be most holy to you.
The incense which you shall make, you shall not make in the same proportions for yourselves; it shall be holy to you for the Lord.
Whoever shall make any like it, to use as perfume, shall be cut off from his people. —Exodus 30:35-37 NASB
Use for personal, domestic and sensual enjoyment
Ointment and perfume delight the heart…—Proverbs 27:9 NKJV
Each young woman’s turn came to go in to King Ahasuerus after she had completed twelve months’ preparation, according to the regulations for the women, for thus were the days of their preparation apportioned: six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with perfumes and preparations for beautifying women. —Esther 2:12 NKJV
You journeyed to the king with oil
and multiplied your perfumes… —Isaiah 57:9 ESV excerpt
She has come beforehand to anoint My body for burial. —Mark 14:8 NKJV
Hebrew: רַקָּח —transliteration: raqqach —meaning: perfumer; ointment maker
Hebrew: רָקַח —transliteration: raqach —meaning: to mix or compound oil or ointment
…Hananiah, one of the perfumers, made repairs [to the Jerusalem’s wall]… —Nehemiah 3:8 NKJV
Hebrew: רַקָּחָה —transliteration: raqqachah ——meaning: female ointment maker; female perfumer
These are mentioned in Isaiah 3:20.
Hebrew words translated into English as perfume
Hebrew: רֹקַח —transliteration: roqach —meaning: spice mixture, perfume
Hebrew: רַקֻּחַ —transliteration: riqquach —meaning: perfumery
Hebrew: מֶרְקָח —transliteration: merqach —meaning: spice, perfume
Hebrew: מִרְקַחַת —transliteration: mirqachath —meaning: an ointment mixture; perfumes
Two women named “Perfume”
Who is Bashemath (Basemath)?
- Oils in the Bible
- Spices in the Bible
- Ointments in the Bible
- Incense in the Bible
- Plants of the Bible